قیمت محصول :     10000 تومان
  افزودن به سبد خرید

سبد خرید

  • سبد خریدتان خالی است.
  • تاریخ ارائه محصول : 09 / 08 / 2019
  • بازدید : 139 بار
  • دسته بندی :
  • امتیاز کاربران :

An Examination of a Conceptual framework of the U.N. Sanctions

An Examination of a Conceptual framework of the U.N. Sanctions: “Maintenance of International Peace and Security”

The present thesis is concerned with an examination of a conceptual framework of the UN sanctions: “maintenance of international peace and security”.  It is also concerned with the international mechanism for the imposition and implementation of UN targeted sanctions and the role of the Security Council within it.

Part 1 focuses on the structure of study, objectives, major questions and historical context. Historical contest examines legal framework of UN sanctions under Article 41 of the UN Charter, limitation on sanctions under the UN Charter and international law, policy arguments for restricting exercise of the Security Council’s power to impose sanctions and factors to consider when assessing a sanctions regime. Also, limitation under the international law examines this limitation in time of armed conflict and in peace time. At the end of this part, one will find examples of limitations on United Nations sanctions in Iraq, Yugoslavia and Haiti.

Part 2 surveys sanctions in the law of treaties and international instruments. Chapter 1 consists of bilateral and multilateral Treaties. In Chapter 1, I limit terminology and scope of study to formal treaties that meet the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT). Chapter 2 is concerned with the legality of UN sanctions.

Part 3 is important because it will help to have a better understanding of the thesis. The first chapter presents an overview of trends and practices in boycott and economic coercion before United Nations enters to the sanctions scenes. It also examines transnational boycott in International Law and United Nations Law.

Chapter 2 focuses on financial targeted sanctions. The author discusses it in terms of UN financial targeted sanctions effectiveness and how such financial targeted sanctions should be design. These sanctions are designed to focus on groups of persons responsible for the breaches of the peace or the threats to international peace and security, while ideally leaving other parts of the population and international trade relations unaffected. Such sanctions can target financial assets as well as the freedom of movement of the targeted people through travel and aviation sanctions. Switzerland, in line with its humanitarian tradition and its belief in free trade, has taken up these ideas. In cooperation with the UN Secretariat, Switzerland has organized international expert meetings in Interlaken and New York, and initiated what has come to be known as the “Interlaken Process” on targeted financial sanctions. The manual before us is the next step in this process. The document condenses the insights of the Interlaken and New York meetings into a ready-to-use manual which should make it easier to draft and implement targeted financial sanctions.

Chapter 2 contains two parts, one on model language for UN sanctions resolutions and another on model legislation for effective sanctions implementation at the national level. Targeted sanctions call for markedly higher administrative standards than traditional sanctions. Special attention is therefore given to areas like reporting, information sharing and monitoring to enhance sanctions effectiveness. In the aftermath of the recent shocking terrorist attacks, measures to track and block funds financing terrorism have gained renewed attention.

The Final Part examines the United Nations, entry into sanctions scenes and submits the concluding remarks of the thesis. Chapter 1 of this part presents an overview of trends and practices in United Nations sanctions policy with a special focus on implementation measures mandated by the Security Council through studies of the Security Council resolutions and chapter 2 is conclusion of this thesis covering its major question.

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