قیمت محصول :     10000 تومان
  افزودن به سبد خرید

سبد خرید

  • سبد خریدتان خالی است.
  • تاریخ ارائه محصول : 09 / 08 / 2019
  • بازدید : 89 بار
  • دسته بندی :
  • امتیاز کاربران :

A Study of Selected Short Stories of Kurt Vonnegut, Jr

A Study of Selected Short Stories of Kurt Vonnegut, Jr.Under the Light of Jean-François Lyotard’s Theory

This research investigates the constitution and formation of social subject in the selection of short stories written by Kurt Vonnegut. In this regard, the researcher determines to benefit from Jean-François Lyotard’s postmodern theory to scrutinize the authoritative system in the postmodern society. In fact, Lyotard and other prominent postmodernist philosophers are of the opinion that the individual is severely influenced and manipulated by the capitalist system. In the postmodern social theory, the individual is defined as a dependant, fluid, receptive and inert being; he is a minor constituent of the global capitalism which exploits him to serve its interests. The researcher applied the theory of Lyotard on “Thanasphere”, “The Package”, “Poor Little Rich Town”, “Souvenir”, “The Cruise of the Jolly Roger”, “Custom-Made Bride”, and “۲BR02B” from the collection of Bagombo Snuff Box; since, all the selected short stories narrate the social atmosphere after the Second World War while the capitalist economic system flourished to global capitalism. The researcher concludes that in the selected short stories the system of post-industrial capitalism produces its legitimated social institutions and apparatuses such as knowledge and truth by which it implements the normative behavior, standards and prevalent values in the social body. Capitalism regulates the social activities by the processes of homogenization and universalization; therefore, it produces the grand narratives and language games to direct the social interactions. In addition, the social subject is the product of power system. The postmodern social subject is a relational self as he is inevitably influenced by the legitimated social activities and participates in them. He has to learn the rules of the legitimated genres of discourse and to perform efficiently. Accordingly, during these social participations, he is gradually manipulated to conform to the advantage of power.

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